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Objectives • This course is designed to give attendants a
• This course is designed to give attendants a concise outline of the principles of heat transfer in heat exchange equipment, such as heat exchangers, condensers, coolers furnaces and boilers.
• Upon course of this course, you will understanding of the nomenclature and terminology used, the course concentrates on heat transfer hardware and performance requirements, an introduction to the use of software for the thermal design, rating and costing of heat transfer equipment is illustrated.
Flow of heat
Natural of free convection
Local film coefficient of heat transfer by convection
Fundamental laws of thermal radiation radiant emission and absorption emissivity of flames
Heat transfer in radiant section of heaters and boilers
Overall coefficient of heat transfer logarithmic mean temperature difference effects of fouling
Thermal equipment and classification by use
Classification by physical construction
Terminology and functions of heat exchangers, fired heaters and boilers.
Heat transfer in heat exchangers.
Heating and cooling of fluids flowing in forced convection inside tubes.
Heating and cooling of fluids flowing outside tubes.
Condensation of vapor and boiling liquids routing of fluids in heat exchange equipment calculation of the mean temperature.
Difference (MTD) Economic approach temperature.
Typical overall coefficients for design.
Common heat transfer media in refineries.
Influence of installed heat exchange surface and fouling on heat exchanger performance.
Testing and monitoring of performance.
TEMA Classification of heat transfer equipment
Heat exchanger condenser cooler
Reboiler heater boiler
Classification by construction Double pipe heat exchangers Direct-fired heaters.
Hairpin or U-tube heat exchangers Fixed tube Sheet heat exchangers floating head exchangers.
Kettle type reboilers and vaporizers.
Tube pitch, number of tube passes and Shell-side baffles.
Advantages, Disadvantages and Economics.
Equipment & Design air temperature.
Transfer of Heat in Furnaces and Boilers.
Efficiency & Classification of Furnaces.
Examples of Different Types of Oil Refinery Furnaces factors in Furnace Opera-tion and Furnace Hydraulics Characteristics of industrial fuels.
Conditions required for proper combustion.
Circulation of flue gases, generating and regulating the draft.
Monitoring and control of combustion and heating & recovery of energy re-leased across the burners.
Operating conditions and duty split between radiant and convection section
Heat transfer software.
Design, rating and performance monitoring.
Workshop and practical examples.
Heat losses through a furnace wall, influence of coke deposit on skin tempera-ture of radiation tubes, pressure profile of a natural draft furnace or boiler efficiency calculation & heat exchangers: Fouling resistance calculations.
Who Should Attend ?
• This course is intended for petroleum and chemical production engineers, trainee process engineers, plant operators and procurement managers, working in the petrochemical, oil and gas process industries, the course will be of particular benefit to those with a need to an introduction to shell and tube heat exchanges including engineers , administrators and other industry personnel unfamiliar with the subject
july 22 (Monday) - 26 (Friday)